Separate 5 eggs, adding the yolks to a large bowl (use a stand mixer bowl if you have one) and adding the whites to a large stainless mixing bowl. (To prevent any goofs, it helps to first use two small bowls, adding one egg white at a time to one, and one yolk at a time to the other, then pouring those into your larger bowls as you go. If you get any yolk in your egg white, you can start over with another egg.) Wash your hands after touching raw eggs.
Preheat the oven to 325 degrees F. Grease and flour two, 9-inch, round cake pans.
Rinse an orange and dry it. Grate 1 tablespoon of orange zest and set it aside. Squeeze two tablespoons of orange juice and add them to your bowl with the egg yolks. Add ½ cup confectioners sugar, the lemon extract, and salt to your egg yolks. Beat the egg yolk mixture for 10 minutes on medium-high speed, until it is very thick and lemon-colored. (If you have a stand mixer, use it.)
If you also have a hand mixer, you can make your meringue while the stand mixer beats the egg yolks. If not, just wait until the egg yolk mixture is done. To make the meringue, using clean beaters, beat the five egg whites and gradually add in the ½ cup of granulated sugar, beating well after each addition. Beat until soft, rounded peaks form. (It will take several minutes. The peaks will turn over slightly when the beater is slowly lifted out of the meringue.)
Gently spread your egg yolk mixture over your beaten egg whites, and gently fold them together, (use an under-and-over motion with your spatula.) Sift your flour into a small bowl (if you have a fine mesh strainer, you can use that to sift). Gradually add the sifted flour to the batter (add ¼ cup of flour at a time), gently folding in the flour as you go.
Transfer your cake batter to the two cake pans, distributing it evenly and smoothing the tops with your spatula. Bake for 20-25 minutes on the center rack (they both should fit diagonally), or until a cake tester or toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean. Cool the cake layers by standing them up on a clean towel and letting them lean on a wire rack against your counter's back splash wall. Turn the pans counter-clockwise occasionally, as the cakes pull away from the edges of the pans.
While the cake layers are cooling, make your filling. Squeeze ¾ cup of orange juice and whisk it with ½ cup granulated sugar and the 1 tablespoon of orange zest. Set that aside.
Separate two eggs, placing the egg whites in a clean and dry medium, stainless bowl. (You won't need the two egg yolks but can refrigerate them for another use.) Using clean beaters, beat the egg whites until frothy, then gradually add in ¼ cup granulated sugar, beating well after each addition. Beat the egg whites until stiff peaks (not dry) are formed. (It will take several minutes. The peaks will remain standing when the beater is slowly lifted out of the meringue.) Add the orange juice mixture to the meringue and gently fold it in until you no longer see any liquid.
When the cake layers have cooled, loosen them from the pans (run a knife around the edges of the pans if you need to). Place a dinner plate over each cake layer and invert one cake layer onto each plate. Carefully turn over each cake layer until the rounded side is up. Gently spread the orange meringue filling over the surface of each cake layer, starting in the center and being careful not to let the filling run over the sides. Try to use an equal amount of filling on each layer. Wash and dry your cake pans and use them to cover each plate. Place the covered cake layers in the refrigerator overnight or for at least 10 hours.
The next day (or after 10 hours), the filling should mostly be absorbed into the cake layers. Make your whipped cream an hour before serving the cake. In a large, stainless mixing bowl and using clean beaters, beat your cream, confectioners sugar and vanilla. Beat until the mixture forms the consistency of whipped cream.
To assemble the cake, place one cake layer on your serving dish, with the filling side on top. Gently spread whipped cream over the cake's surface. Place the other cake layer on top, keeping the filling side up. Frost the top and sides of the cake, making swirls if you wish. Decorate with orange slices, if desired.
This cake is best started the day before. Once you make the cake layers and spread on the filling, you will need to let the cake layers absorb the filling overnight, or at least 10 hours. Make the whipped cream and assemble the cake an hour before serving it.The filling uses raw, beaten egg whites. For food safety reasons, you may wish to use pasteurized eggs.They will require beating with some cream of tartar in order to whip properly. Recipe Source: Barely adapted from a recipe given to my mother in the 1960s.